You’ve probably heard of the terms Tor and dark web in the media. However, accessing these websites isn’t as dangerous as they appear. It’s actually very easy to get started.

The dark web consists of websites that aren’t being indexed by search engines such as Google. It’s the portion of the web where data and other information that is normally private is stored. For example email inboxes along with online banking logins as well as Google Drive folders live on the deep web – they aren’t accessible to the general public using a normal web browser.

There are numerous websites on the dark web which serve legitimate goals. For instance, the site SecureDrop is a dark web site that allows whistleblowers to send sensitive information to news agencies anonymously. There are websites where people can buy and sell stolen credentials, like passwords and credit card numbers. These sites are often referred to “marketplaces” and some of the most well-known examples are Silk Road and AlphaBay, but there are lots of others which have been shut down.

The key to surfing the dark web is a network known as Tor which routes your internet connection through a set of servers run by volunteers that are distributed throughout the world. This makes it impossible for anyone to monitor your activities. Tor’s name comes from the fact that the traffic it encrypts is multi-layered, like the layers of a pizza. This is a way to ensure anonymity.

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